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ここから本文です。

What is a Status of Residence?

ID番号 N32473 更新日 平成29年4月25日

A Status of Residence (在留資格, zairyuu shikaku) is your qualification for staying in the country. Your Status of Residence and Period of Stay will be listed on your Residence Card. There are 27 different kinds of statuses and the period of stay will vary accordingly.

 

In principle, your activities are limited by those specified by your status of residence. For example, if you enter Japan as a temporary visitor or college student, your status of residence does not allow you to work for pay. Unless you obtain

Permission to Engage in an Activity Other Than That Permitted by the Status of Residence Previously Granted, working and receiving a salary is clearly against the law and may lead to criminal prosecution and possibly deportation. It is also illegal to stay in Japan longer than your indicated period of stay without obtaining permission (sometimes referred to “overstaying a visa”).

 

Applications for permission to engage in other activities, applications to change your status of residence, or applications to extend your period of stay must be submitted to the Morioka Immigration Office.

Status of Japanese Possible Periods of Stay Examples Allowed to work?
Residence translation
Work Permitted
1. Diplomat  外交, gaikou The term of the diplomatic mission Foreign ambassadors, ministers, consuls and their families Yes
2. Official 公用, kouyou 5 years, 3 years, 1 year, 3 months, 30 days or 15 days Foreign government employees and their families Yes
3. Professor 教授, kyoujuu 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months University professors Yes
4. Artist 芸術, geijutsu 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Painters, composers, writers Yes
5. Religious Activities 宗教, shuukyou 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Missionaries sent by foreign religious organizations Yes
6. Journalist 報道, houdou 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Reporters and photographers of foreign news media Yes
7.  Business Manager 経営・管理, keiei/kanri 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Managers and administrators of foreign firms Yes
8. Legal/ Accounting Services 法律・会計事務, houritsu/kaikei jimu 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Lawyers, certified public accountants Yes
9. Medical Services 医療, iryou 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Doctors, dentists Yes
10. Researcher 研究, kenkyuu 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Researchers from government institutes and businesses Yes
11. Instructor 教育, kyouiku 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months High school/junior high school language instructors Yes
12. Highly-skilled Foreign Professional 高度専門職, koudo senmonshoku 5 years Advanced research activities, specialized/technical activities, advanced business management activities Yes
13. Engineer/Specialist in Humanities/ International Services  技術・人文知識・国際業務, gijutsu/jinbun chishiki/kokusai gyoumu 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Engineers, translators, designers, business language instructors, etc. Yes
14. Intracompany Transferee 企業内転勤, kigyou-nai tenkin 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Transferee from overseas business location Yes
15. Entertainer 興行, kougyou 1 year, 3 years, 6 months or 3 months Actors, singers, dancers, professional sports players, etc. Yes
16. Skilled Labor 技能, ginou 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Foreign cuisine chef, precious metal processor, sports instructor, airplane pilot, etc. Yes
17. Technical Intern Training 技能実習, ginou jisshuu 1 year, 6 months or a period designated by the Minister of Justice Technical Intern Trainee Yes
18. Designated Activities 特定活動, tokutei katsudou 5 years, 4 years, 3 years, 2 years, 1 year, 6 months, 3 months or a period designated by the Minister of Justice Personal help of diplomats, working holiday participants, amateur sports players, etc. Yes, but there are certain restrictions
Other Non-work Activities
19. Cultural Activities 文化活動, bunka katsudou 3 years, 1 year 6 months or 3 months Japanese culture researchers, etc. No, but you may apply for permission
20. Student 留学, ryuugaku 4 years and 3 months, 4 years, 3 years and 3 months, 3 years, 2 years and 3 months, 2 years, 1 year and 3 months, 1 year, 6 months or 3 months Elementary school, middle school, high school, and university students No, but you may apply for permission
21. Trainee 研修, kenshuu 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 3 months Trainee No, but you may apply for permission
22. Temporary Visitor 短期滞在, tanki taizai 90 days, 30 days or 15 days Tourists, conference participants, etc. No
Family-related
23. Dependent 家族滞在, kazoku taizai 5 years, 4 years and 3 months, 4 years, 3 years and 3 months, 3 years, 2 years and 3 months, 2 years, 1 year and 3 months, 1 year, 6 months or 3 months Spouse or children of a precollege student etc. foreign national who are supported by said foreign national  No, but you may apply for permission
24. Spouse or Child of Japanese National 日本人の配偶者等, Nihonjin no haigusha-tou 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 6 months Spouse, biological child or special adoption child of Japanese national Yes
25. Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident 永住者の配偶者等, Eikyuusha no haigusha-tou 5 years, 3 years, 1 year or 6 months Spouse of or child born in Japan who continues to live in Japan to permanent resident or special permanent resident  Yes
Long Term
26. Permanent Resident 永住者, Indefinite Those who have been granted permanent residence by the Minister of Justice Yes
eijuusha
27. Long-term Resident 定住者, teijuusha 5 years, 3 years, 1 year, 6 months or a period designated by the Minister of Justice Refugees from Indo-China, 3rd generation Japanese settlers, etc. Yes

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