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Types of medicine

ID番号 N34850 更新日 平成29年4月13日

There are many types of medicine in Japan. This is just a general list. 

 

Medicine that you swallow (内服薬, naifukuyaku)

Name

Japanese

Tablet

錠剤、jouzai

Powder

散剤, sanzai or 粉薬, konagusuri

Capsule

カプセル、kapuseru

Syrup

シロップ, shiroppu

internal medicine

Medicine that you apply on the outside of your body (外用薬, gaiyouyaku)

Name

Japanese

Ointment

軟膏剤, nankouzai

Eye drops

点眼薬, tenganyaku

Nose drops

点鼻薬, tenbiyaku

Ear drops

点耳薬, tenjiyaku

Patch

湿布, shippu

Spray

噴霧、funmu

Inhaler

吸入器, kyuunyuuki

Mouthwash

うがい, ugai

Lozenge

トローチ, torochi

Suppository

座薬, zayaku

Note) Any one of these medicines may be prescribed to you as “single-dosage medicines (頓服薬, tonpukuyaku).” This means they are only to be used if you have symptoms or about to have symptoms. For example, there are medicines you can take for fever or nausea that you would only take if you have those particular symptoms.

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